Africa

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Gambia

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Information

Capital:
Banjul
Government:
Unitary Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
Adama Barrow
Economy:
  • Gambia has sparse natural resource deposits and a limited agricultural base, and relies in part on remittances from workers overseas and tourist receipts.
  • About three-quarters of the population depends on the agricultural sector for its livelihood and the sector provides for about one-third of GDP.
  • In 2011, tourism contributed about one-fifth of GDP.
Population:
2,173,999 (2020) (146th)
Land Size:
11,295 sq km (4,361 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Mandinka: 42%
  • Fula: 18%
  • Wolof: 16%,
  • Jola: 10%
  • Serahuli: 9%
  • Other: 4%
  • Non-African: 1% (2003 census)
Religions:
  • Islam: 90%
  • Christianity: 8%
  • African Indigenous Religions: 2%
Languages(s):
  • English (official)
  • Mandinka
  • Wolof
  • Fula
  • Other indigenous vernaculars