Africa

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Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Information

Capital:
Kinshasa
Government:
Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
Felix Tshisekedi
Economy:
  • Much economic activity still occurs in the informal sector and is not reflected in GDP data.
  • Renewed activity in the mining sector, the source of most export income, boosted Kinshasa’s fiscal position and GDP growth from 2006 to 2008.
  • Main exports: diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, and crude oil.
Population:
101,780,263 (2020) (15th)
Land Size:
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Over 200 ethnic groups
  • Majority of ethnic groups are Bantu (about 45% of the population):
    • Mongo
    • Luba
    • Kongo (all Bantu)
    • Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic)
Religions:
  • Protestantism: 20%
  • Roman Catholicism: 50%
  • Kimbanguism: 10%
  • Islam: 10%
  • Other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs): 10%
Languages(s):
  • French (official)
  • Lingala (a lingua franca trade language)
  • Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili)
  • Kikongo
  • Tshiluba