Africa

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Tanzania

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Information

Capital:
Dar Es Salaam
Government:
Unitary Presidential Socialist Republic
Current Head of Government:
Dr. John Magufuli
Economy:
  • The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for more than one-quarter of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs about 80% of the work force.
Population:
58,552,845 (2020) (24th)
Land Size:
945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Mainland
    • Bantu language groups make up more than 98%:
      • Sukuma
      • Chaga
      • Nyamezi
      • Hadza
      • Kamba
    • Other: 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab)
  • Zanzibar
    • Arab
    • Swahili
Religions:
  • Mainland
    • Christianity: 30%
    • Islam: 35%
    • Indigenous African Religion: 35%
  • Zanzibar
    • Islam: > 99%
Languages(s):
  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official)
  • Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar)
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education)
  • Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar)
  • Many local languages