Africa

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Sudan

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Information

Capital:
Khartoum
Government:
Dominant-Party Federal Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
Omar al-Bashir
Economy:
  • The oil sector has driven much of the country’s GDP since 1999.
  • Sudan, currently, is attempting to generate new sources of revenues, such as from gold mining, while carrying out an austerity program to reduce expenditures.
  • Agricultural production continues to employ 80% of the work force and contributes a third of GDP.
Population:
45,561,556 (2020) (31st)
Land Size:
1.8 million sq km (728,215 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%)
  • Fur
  • Beja
  • Nuba
  • Fallata
  • Religions:
    • Islam (Sunni) 98%
    • Small Christianity minority
    Languages(s):
    • Arabic (official)
    • English (official)
    • Nubian
    • Ta Bedawie
    • Fur