Coat of Arms
Federal Parliamentary Government
Current Head of Government:
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
- Informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications.
- Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings.
- Principle exports include: livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas.
12,094,640 (July 2021 est.)
637,657 sq km (246,201 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
- Somali: 85%
- Bantu and other non-Somali: 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
- Sunni Islam
- Somali (official)