Africa

Asia

Somalia

Flag

Coat of Arms

Location Map

Area Map

Information

Capital:
Mogadishu
Government:
Federal Parliamentary Government
Current Head of Government:
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Economy:
  • Informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications.
  • Agriculture is the most important sector with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings.
  • Principle exports include: livestock, hides, fish, charcoal, and bananas.
Population:
11,757,124 (2020) (78th)
Land Size:
637,657 sq km (246,201 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Somali: 85%
  • Bantu and other non-Somali: 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
Religions:
  • Sunni Islam
Languages(s):
  • Somali (official)
  • Arabic
  • Italian
  • English