São Tomé and Príncipe
Coat of Arms
Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
- Increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence in 1975.
- Being an island country, São Tomé and Príncipe has to import fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food, making it vulnerable to fluctuations in global commodity prices.
- Potential exists for the development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years.
- Maintaining control of inflation, fiscal discipline, and increasing flows of foreign direct investment into the oil sector, are the major economic problems facing the country.
211,122 (2020) (184th)
1,001 sq km (386 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
- Angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves)
- Forros (descendants of freed slaves)
- Servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cabo Verde), Tongas (children of Servicais born on the islands)
- Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
- Catholicism: 70.3%
- Evangelicalism: 3.4%
- New Apostolic: 2.0%
- Adventism: 1.8%
- Other: 3.1%
- None: 19.4%
- Portuguese (official)