Africa

Asia

Niger

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Information

Capital:
Niamey
Government:
Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
Mahamadou Issoufou
Economy:
  • Agriculture contributes about 40% of GDP and provides livelihood for about 80% of the population.
  • Sizable reserves of oil.
  • Oil production, refining and exports are expected to grow significantly between 2011 and 2016.
  • Drought, desertification, and strong population growth have undercut the economy.
Population:
22,772,361 (2020) (58th)
Land Size:
1.27 million sq km (489,000 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Hausa: 53.1%
  • Zarma/Songhai: 21.1%
  • Tuareg: 11%
  • Peuhl: 6.5%
  • Kanouri Manga: 5.9%
  • Other: 2.4% (2006 est.)
Religions:
  • Islam: 99.3%
  • Other (includes Indigenous African Religions and Christianity): 0.7%
Languages(s):
  • French (official)
  • Hausa
  • Djerma