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Mauritania

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Information

Capital:
Nouakchott
Government:
Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
Mohamed Ould Ghazouani
Economy:
  • Half of the population still depends on agriculture and livestock for a livelihood.
  • Extensive iron ore deposits account for nearly 40% of total exports.
Population:
4,005,475 (2020) (128th)
Land Size:
1.04 million sq km (398,000 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Mixed Moor/Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke: 40%
  • Moor: 30%
  • Wolof, Pulaar, Soninke: 30%
Religions:
  • Islam(official): 100%
Languages(s):
  • Arabic (official and national)
  • Pulaar
  • Soninke
  • Wolof (all national languages)
  • French
  • Hassaniya