Africa

Asia

Mali

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Information

Capital:
Bamako
Government:
Unitary Semi-Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
Economy:
  • Highly dependent on gold mining and agriculture exports for revenue.
  • Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger River and about 65% of its land is desert or semi desert.
  • About 10% of the population is nomadic and about 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing.
Population:
19,553,397 (2020) (62nd)
Land Size:
1.25 million sq km (482,077 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Mande: 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke)
  • Peul: 17%
  • Voltaic: 12%
  • Songhai: 6%
  • Tuareg and Moor: 10%
  • Other: 5%
Religions:
  • Islam: 90%
  • Christianity: 1%
  • Indigenous African Religion: 9%
Languages(s):
  • French (official)
  • Bambara: 80%
  • Fulfulde
  • Soninke