Africa

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Ethiopia

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Information

Capital:
Addis Ababa
Government:
Federal Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
Mulatu Teshome Wirtu
Economy:
  • Agriculture accounts for 41% of GDP and 85% of total employment.
  • Coffee is a major export crop.
Population:
108,113,150 (2020) (13th)
Land Size:
1.13 million sq km (437,794 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Oromo 34.4%
  • Amara 27.0%
  • Somalie 6.2%
  • Tigraway 6.1%
  • Sidama 4.0%
  • Guragie 2.5%
  • Welaita 2.3%
  • Hadiya 1.7%
  • Affar 1.7%
  • Gamo 1.5%
  • Gedeo 1.3%
  • Other 11.3% (2007 Census)
Religions:
  • Orthodox: 43.5%
  • Islam: 33.9%
  • Protestantism: 18.6%
  • Traditional: 2.6%
  • Catholicism: 0.7%
  • Other: 0.7%
Languages(s):
  • Amariga (Amharic) (official): 29.3%
  • Oromigna (official regional): 33.8%
  • Tigrigna (official regional): 5.9%
  • Somaligna: 6.2%
  • Guaragigna: 2.0%
  • Sidamigna: 4.0%
  • Hadiyigna: 1.7%
  • Affar: 1.7%
  • Gamo: 1.5%
  • Gedeo: 1.3%
  • Other: 12.6%