Africa

Asia

Eritrea

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Information

Capital:
Asmara
Government:
Unitary One-party Presidential Republic
Current Head of Government:
Isaias Afewerki
Economy:
  • A command economy under the control of the sole political party, the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
  • A large share of the population, nearly 80%, is engaged in subsistence agriculture.
Population:
6,081,196 (2020) (112th)
Land Size:
117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Tigrinya: 55%
  • Tigre: 30%
  • Saho: 4%
  • Kunama: 2%
  • Rashaida: 2%
  • Bilen: 2%
  • Other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera): 5% (2010 est.)
Religions:
  • Islam
  • Coptic Christianity
  • Roman Catholicism
  • Protestantism
Languages(s):
  • Tigrinya (official)
  • Arabic (official)
  • English (official)
  • Tigre
  • Kunama
  • Afar