Africa

Asia

Botswana

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Information

Capital:
Gabarone
Government:
Parlimentary Republic
Current Head of Government:
Mokgweetsi Masisi
Economy:
  • Botswana has enjoyed one of the fastest growth rates per capita income in the world since independence.
  • Since 1980’s, the country has been the world’s largest producer of gem quality diamonds. As such, diamond mining will continue to be the mainstay of Botswana’s economy, with known current reserves sufficient for at least the next 20 years.
Population:
2,317,233 (2020) (144th)
Land Size:
581,730 sq km (224,607 sq miles)
Major Ethnic Groups:
  • Tswana (or Setswana): 79%
  • Kalanga: 11%
  • Basarwa: 3%
  • Other, including Kgalagadi and white: 7%
Religions:
  • Christianity: 71.6%
  • Badimo (indigenous African religion): 6.0%
  • Other: 1.4%
  • Unspecified: 0.4%
  • None: 20.6%
Languages(s):
  • Setswana: 78.2%
  • Kalanga: 7.9%
  • Sekgalagadi: 2.8%
  • English (official): 2.1%
  • Other: 8.6%
  • Unspecified: 0.4%